Two types of analyses are used by forex currency traders for market movements forecasting: ‘fundamental’, and ‘technical’ (the chart study of past behavior of currency prices). ‘Fundamental’ focuses on theoretical models of exchange rate determination and on major economic factors and their likelihood of affecting foreign exchange rates.
A currency trader, who makes trades based upon fundamental analysis, will look at the supply and demand situation relevant to the particular currency being studied, and try to predict price movement by interpreting a wide variety of economic indicators and factors, government issued reports, news, etc.
Fundamental analysis focuses on economic, social and political factors as these drive supply and demand. Fundamental analysts look at various macroeconomic indicators such as economic growth rates, interest rates, inflation, unemployment etc. These factors impact upon currencies. A forex trader needs to be aware of announcements covering these important indicators as they may result in volatile trading especially if the announcement is an unexpected one.
Therefore, depending on which currency pair you are trading, you should keep abreast of the main economic reports for the countries your currencies belong to and be aware of when announcements are likely to be issued. For example, if you are trading the AUD/USD currency pair you should be aware and stay up-to-date with both the Australian and US economic reports, announcements and news.
IMPORTANT ECONMIC INDICATORS FOR THE US (Affecting any USD/X or X/USD currency pairs).
Employment report (Non farm payroll)
Federal Reserve Interest Rate Announcement
Consumer price Index (CPI)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
International Trade / Current Account
Producers Price Index (PPI)